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mysql_num_rows

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

mysql_num_rowsВозвращает количество рядов результата запроса

Описание

int mysql_num_rows ( resource $result )

mysql_num_rows() возвращает количество рядов результата запроса. Эта команда работает только с запросами SELECT. Чтобы получить количество рядов, обработанных функцями INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, используйте функцию mysql_affected_rows().

Пример #1 Пример использования mysql_num_rows()

<?php

$link 
mysql_connect("localhost""mysql_user""mysql_password");
mysql_select_db("database"$link);

$result mysql_query("SELECT * FROM table1"$link);
$num_rows mysql_num_rows($result);

echo 
"$num_rows Rows\n";

?>

Замечание: При использовании mysql_unbuffered_query() функция mysql_num_rows() не вернёт корректного значения до тех пор, пока все ряды не будут получены.

См. также mysql_affected_rows(), mysql_connect(), mysql_data_seek(), mysql_select_db() и mysql_query().

Для совместимости, как алиас, доступна устаревшая функция mysql_numrows(). Однако, использовать её крайне не рекомендуется.


User Contributed Notes
mysql_num_rows
Typer85 at gmail dot com
18-Mar-2010 07:20
Actually I am a little ashamed to be saying this, but I stand corrected about a rather old note I posted on 17-Jul-2007 06:44.

Using SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS and FOUND_ROWS( ) will NOT trigger a race condition on MySQL, as that would pretty much defy their entire purpose.

The results for their usage is actually unique per connection session as it is impossible for processes to share anything in PHP. As far as PHP is concerned, each request represents a new connection to MySQL as each request is isolated to its own process.

To simulate this, create the following script:

<?php

$Handle
= mysql_connect( "localhost" , "root" , "" );
mysql_select_db( "lls" );

if( isset(
$_GET[ 'Sleep' ] ) ) {
   
mysql_query( "SELECT SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS `bid` From `blocks` Limit 1" );
} else {
   
mysql_query( "SELECT SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS `aid` From `access` Limit 1" );
}

if( isset(
$_GET[ 'Sleep' ] ) ) {
   
sleep( 10 ); // Simulate another HTTP request coming in.
   
$Result = mysql_query( "SELECT FOUND_ROWS( )" );
   
print_r( mysql_fetch_array( $Result ) );
}

mysql_close( );

?>

Set the connection and query information for something that matches your environment.

Run the script once with the Sleep query string and once again without it. Its important to run them both at the same time. Use Apache ab or something similar, or even easier, just open two browser tabs. For example:

http://localhost/Script.php?Sleep=10
http://localhost/Script.php

If a race condition existed, the results of the first instance of the script would equal the results of the second instance of the script.

For example, the second instance of the script will execute the following SQL query:

<?php

mysql_query
( "SELECT SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS `aid` From `access` Limit 1" );

?>

This happens while the first instance of the script is sleeping. If a race condition existed, when the first instance of the script wakes up, the result of the FOUND_ROWS( ) it executes should be the number of rows in the SQL query the second instance of the script executed.

But when you run them, this is not the case. The first instance of the script returns the number of rows of its OWN query, which is:

<?php

mysql_query
( "SELECT SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS `bid` From `blocks` Limit 1" );

?>

So it turns out NO race condition exists, and every solution presented to combat this "issue" are pretty much not needed.

Good Luck,
lucky8919 at gmail dot com
15-Feb-2009 05:33
Hi there...to get al the records i use this:

<?php $total_pages = ceil(mysql_num_rows(mysql_query("SELECT id FROM users WHERE class= '2'"))); ?>
admin ad djokodonev.com
16-Oct-2008 09:31
here is a working get rows function, it always gets the right result

<?php
function get_rows ($table_and_query) {
       
$total = mysql_query("SELECT COUNT(*) FROM $table_and_query");
       
$total = mysql_fetch_array($total);
        return
$total[0];
}
?>

this is one that worked for me :-)
gtaylor at sonic dot net
10-Sep-2008 07:18
In preventing the race condition for the SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS and FOUND_ROWS() operations, it can become complicated and somewhat kludgy to include the FOUND_ROWS() result in the actual result set, especially for complex queries and/or result ordering. The query gets more complex, you may have trouble isolating/excluding the FOUND_ROWS() result, and mysql_num_rows() will return the number of actual results + 1, all of which makes your code messier and harder to read. However, the race condition is real and must be dealt with.

A alternative and cleaner method is to explicitly lock the table using a WRITE lock (preventing other processes from reading/writing to the table). The downsides I can see are a performance hit, and your mysql user must have lock permissions.

<?php
   
// excuse the use of mysqli instead of mysql

   
$mysqli->query("LOCK TABLE t WRITE");
   
$results = $mysqli->query("SELECT id FROM t LIMIT 0,10");
   
$totalNumResults = array_pop($mysqli->query("SELECT FOUND_ROWS()")->fetch_row());
   
$mysqli->query("UNLOCK TABLES");
?>

Now you may iterate through the results just like any other result set.
Tom Fejfar
05-Jun-2008 08:56
Improvement to chrisdberry82 at gmail dot com's code:

<?php
$sql
= "
SELECT SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS
  '0', z.id
FROM
  zoom AS z
LIMIT
  0,6
UNION
  SELECT
    '1', FOUND_ROWS()
ORDER BY `0` DESC , RAND()"
;
?>

You can see, that you can even ORDER the final result anyway you like ;)
Then you can fetch the result like this:
<?php
$res
= mysql_query($sql);
$count = mysql_fetch_assoc($res);
while(
$row = mysql_fetch_assoc($res)){
 unset(
$row["0"]); //get rid of the "sorting col"
 
print_r($row); //or whatever ;)
}
echo
$count["id"]; // the total number of rows
?>

And you got rid of the lousy IFs ;)
timo
27-May-2008 04:03
<?
$strQuery
="SELECT * FROM `tabel`";
$strResult = mysql_query($strQuery);
$Aantalvelden = mysql_num_fields($strResult);
$Aantalrijen=mysql_num_rows($strResult);

echo
"<table border='1'><tr>";
for(
$ikolom=0;$ikolom<$Aantalvelden;$ikolom++){
$strVeldnaam = mysql_field_name($strResult,$ikolom);
echo
"<td>$strVeldnaam</td>" ;
}
echo
"</tr>";

for(
$ir=0;$irij<$Aantalrijen;$irij++){
echo
"<tr>";
for(
$ikolom=0;$ikolom<$Aantalvelden;$ikolom++){
$strKolomwaarde = mysql_result($strResult,$irij,$ikolom);
echo
"<td>$strKolomwaarde</td>";
}
}
echo
"</table>";
?>
chrisdberry82 at gmail dot com
25-May-2008 05:46
The following code can wrap it all up in a single query so you don't have to worry about multiple client requests:

$stmtMain = $mysqli->prepare("SELECT SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS jobid,title FROM tbljobs
    LIMIT ?, ? UNION SELECT FOUND_ROWS(),'!!IgnoreCount!!';")

Then iterate through the results with something like:

while ($stmtMain->fetch() && $strResultTitle !="!!IgnoreCount!!") { 
//do stuff
}
($strResultSector == '!!IgnoreCount!!')? $intTotal = $intResultCount : 1;
deaggi at deaggi dot net
20-Aug-2007 07:45
In Reply to the last post: This may not always work correctly, as $object->doesExist would contain a result, not a boolean value. A better way (using the same method) would be using a cast:

<?php
class Object {
  var
$doesExist = false;

  [...]
  function
load() {
   
$result = mysql_query('...');
   
$this->doesExist = (bool) ($res = mysql_fetch_array($result))
    [...]
  }
}
?>

johannes
webmaster dasourcerer net
20-Aug-2007 12:42
In one of my applications, I had to let an object know wether it exists in the database or not. I found a cheap solution w/o the usage of mysql_num_rows():

<?php
class Object {
  var
$doesExist = false;

  [...]
  function
load() {
   
$result = mysql_query('...');
   
$this->doesExist = ($res = mysql_fetch_array($result))
    [...]
  }
}
?>
Typer85 at gmail dot com
17-Jul-2007 06:44
A note on the following usage; that suggest to use several MySQL Functions to get the number of Table Records.

You may be familiar with following:

<?php

$sqlQuery
= 'Select SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS `MyField` From `MyTable` Limit 1;';

$sqlQuery_1 = 'Select FOUND_ROWS( );';

?>

I omitted the actual connection to MySQL and the execution of the query, but you get the idea.

I did some tests and on a fairly high traffic web site, one that executes several queries quite often and found that using this combination of MySQL Functions can actually result in wrong results.

For example, assume I have two queries to get the number of Table Records in two different Tables. So in essence, we are executing 4 queries ( 2 queries for each Table ).

If two different requests come in through PHP, your going to run into problems. Note than when I mean request, I mean two different clients requesting your PHP page.

---------------
Request 1:
---------------

Execute: SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS On Table 1

---------------
Request 2:
---------------

Execute: SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS On Table 2

---------------
Request 1:
---------------

Execute: Select FOUND_ROWS( )

At this point, you see the race condition that occurred. While Request 1 was being executed, Request 2 came in.

At this point Request 1 will return the number of Table Records in Table 2 and not Table 1 as expected!

Why? Because MySQL does not differ between requests. Each query is in a queue waiting its turn. As soon as its turn comes in it will be executed my MySQL.

The MySQL Function Select FOUND_ROWS( ) will return the result of the last SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS!

Keep in mind.
eriline dot mees at mail dot ee
27-Dec-2005 04:28
If you have a problem using:
    $res1=mysql_query("select SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS * from minutabel LIMIT 20");
    $res2=mysql_query("select FOUND_ROWS()");
($res2 got always "0")
then be sure the php.ini config option "mysql.trace_mode" is "Off".

You can use
    $vana=ini_set('mysql.trace_mode','Off');
    // do your $res1 and $res2 queries.
    ini_set('mysql.trace_mode',$vana);
for temporary disabling.
Jonas
08-Dec-2005 09:55
A small tip concerning SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS and FOUND_ROWS()

Remember that you can us "AS" when working with mysql_fetch_assoc.

$sql="
    SELECT
        FOUND_ROWS() AS `found_rows`;
";
$result = mysql_query($sql);
$myrow = mysql_fetch_assoc($result);
$row_count = $myrow['found_rows'];

echo $row_count;
mancini at nextcode dot org
14-Nov-2005 09:24
here is a really fast mysql_num_rows alternative that makes use of the SELECT FOUND_ROWS() MySQL function , it only reads a single row and it is really helpfull if you are counting multiple tables with thousands of rows

<?php
function get_rows ($table) {
       
$temp = mysql_query("SELECT SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS * FROM $table LIMIT 1");
       
$result = mysql_query("SELECT FOUND_ROWS()");
       
$total = mysql_fetch_row($result);
        return
$total[0];
}
?>
simon_nuttall at hotmail dot com
12-Nov-2005 03:36
Object oriented version of wil1488 at gmail dot com's comment for counting table rows:
<?php
$result
= $mysqli->query("SELECT COUNT(*) as TOTALFOUND from table");
$row_array=$result->fetch_array(MYSQLI_ASSOC);
print(
$row_array['TOTALFOUND']);
?>
jonbendi @t stud o ntnu o no
07-Nov-2005 02:16
I find that mysql_num_rows() overlook LIMIT clauses.
For instance:

//table has 700 rows
$command = "SELECT * FROM table LIMIT 500";
$q = mysql_query($command);
$rows = mysql_num_rows($q);

//$rows is 700
wil1488 at gmail dot com
01-Jun-2005 02:53
To use SQL COUNT function, without select the source...

see an example:

<?
//MAKE THE CONNECTION WITH DATABASE

$my_table = mysql_query("SELECT COUNT(*) as TOTALFOUND from table", $link); //EXECUTE SQL CODE
Note: will return the total on TOTALFOUND

print (mysql_result($my_table,0,"TOTALFOUND")); //use the field camp to get the total from your SQL query!
?>

Thanks, good luck.
jsirovic AT g male dot com
19-May-2005 03:34
The reason it's just as slow is that to count that way as it is to fetch, minus the data transfer.

Even when executing a limit query, when you ask it to fetch the number of total rows, it must scan the whole table every time to calculate the count.
alex dot feinberg 4t gm41l
28-Apr-2005 10:56
Re dzver at abv dot bg's note...

I just ran some tests using MySQL Super Smack. Surprisingly, a SELECT * followed by a SELECT COUNT(*) actually was close in speed to a SELECT SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS * followed by a SELECT FOUND_ROWS(), but the SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS solution was still a bit faster.

Perhaps it varies by table structure? Either way, it might be worth checking which is faster for your application.
liamvictor at gmail dot com
13-Apr-2005 12:22
// this works properly
$query = "SELECT first_name FROM users_tbl WHERE user_id='$user_id' AND password = '$p0' ";
$result = mysql_query($query, $connection) or die ("<p class=err>Error - Query failed: ".mysql_error()."</p>");
$num_rows = mysql_num_rows($result);
if ($num_rows){
    while ($myrow = mysql_fetch_row($result)){
        $first_name = $myrow[0];
        print ("<p>Line:".__LINE__." num_rows:$num_rows first_name:$first_name <br> $query</p>");
    }
}else{
    print ("<p>Password error.</p>");
}

// Here 1 row is returned with a value of 0 when the password is wrong rather than reporting the password error.
$query = "SELECT COUNT(first_name) FROM users_tbl WHERE user_id='$user_id' AND password = '$p0' ";
$result = mysql_query($query, $connection) or die ("<p class=err>Error - Query failed: ".mysql_error()."</p>");
$num_rows = mysql_num_rows($result);
if ($num_rows){
    while ($myrow = mysql_fetch_row($result)){
        $count_first_name = $myrow[0];
        print ("<p>Line:".__LINE__." num_rows:$num_rows count:$count_first_name <br> $query</p>");
    }
}else{
    print ("<p>Password error.</p>");
}
dzver at abv dot bg
20-Feb-2005 01:00
It is faster to run second query "select count(...) from ... ", than adding SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS to your first query, and then using select FOUND_ROWS() + mysql_num_rows().
30-Jan-2005 01:18
In response to oran at trifeed dot com:

You are only experiencing this behaviour because you have not given your FOUND_ROWS() result an alias:

$qry = mysql_query ( 'SELECT FOUND_ROWS() AS total' );
$rst = mysql_fetch_array ( $qry, MYSQL_ASSOC );
echo $rst['total'];

Sean :)
oran at trifeed dot com
15-Dec-2004 05:06
For me

SELECT SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS together with
SELECT FOUND_ROWS()

Only worked with the following syntax:
$result = @mysql_query($query);
$resultTotal = @mysql_query("SELECT FOUND_ROWS()");
$res=    mysql_fetch_array($resultTotal);
echo $res['FOUND_ROWS()'];

hope it helped

oran
http://www.trifeed.com
pjoe444 at yahoo dot com
18-Nov-2004 11:38
Re my last entry:

This seems the best workaround to get an 'ordinary' loop going, with possibility of altering output according to row number
(eg laying out a schedule)

$rowno=mysql_num_rows($result);

for ($i=0; $i<mysql_num_rows($result); $i++) {
$row = mysql_fetch_assoc($result);

print "<div class=\"showing\">";
print "<b>".$row['timeon']."-".$row['timeoff']."</b> ".$row['event']."<br />;
if ($i!=$rowno-1) {
    print "other-html-within-sched-here</div>";
    } 
else print "end-last-entry-html-here</div>";
}  //close loop
pjoe444 at yahoo dot com
18-Nov-2004 10:24
A pity there seems no way of getting the CURRENT  row number that's under iteration in a typical loop,
such as:
while ($row = mysql_fetch_assoc($result)) { }

After all there is an array of row arrays, as signified by
mysql_num_rows($result):

Say this gives "40 rows" : it would be useful to know when the iteration is on row 39.

The nearest seems to be "data seek":but it connects directly to a
row number eg (from mysql_data_seek page)

for ($i = mysql_num_rows($result) - 1; $i >= 0; $i--) {
   if (!mysql_data_seek($result, $i)) {
       echo "Cannot seek to row $i: " . mysql_error() . "\n";
       continue;
   }

= it still wouldn't solve knowing what row number you're on in an ordinary loop.

One reason for this situation is the php fetch (fetch-a-single-row) construction, without any reasonable FOR loop possibility with row numbers.

Suggestion:
$Rows[$i] possibility where
$i would be the row number

$Rows[$row[], $row[], $row[].....]
             0            1            2     etc

-- the excellent retrieval WITHIN a row ( $row[$i] ),
while certainly more important,  is not matched by
similar possibilities for rows themselves.

and Count($result) doesnt work of course, $result being a
mere ticket-identifier...

Peter T
They call me .. "Blaqy"
09-Nov-2004 03:30
Just wanted to add my 2 cents in regards to the mysql functions:
SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS
SELECT FOUND_ROWS()

It was difficult finding any information on PHP usage.
What wasn't (or currently isn't) mentioned is that:

$query = "SELECT FOUND_ROWS()";

Will return a 'recordset' .. that holds the 'number of rows', not the actual value.  So the correct usage is:

$result = mysql_query($query);
$total_records = mysql_result($result, 0);

Not:
$total_records = mysql_query($query);

As some of the literature .. may suggest to you.
sam at liddicott dot com
04-Nov-2004 01:40
Some user comments on this page, and some resources including the FAQ at :

http://www.faqts.com/knowledge_base/view.phtml/aid/114/fid/12 suggest using count(*) to count the number of rows

This is not a particularly universal solution, and those who read these comments on this page should also be aware that

select count(*) may not give correct results if you are using "group by" or "having" in your query, as count(*) is an agregate function and resets eachtime a group-by column changes.

select sum(..) ... left join .. group by ... having ...

can be an alternative to sub-selects in mysql 3, and such queries cannot have the select fields replaced by count(*) to give good results, it just doesn't work.

Sam
aaronp123 att yahoo dott comm
22-Feb-2003 01:40
I may indeed be the only one ever to encounter this - however if you have a myisam table with one row, and you search with valid table and column name for a result where you might expect 0 rows, you will not get 0, you will get 1, which is the myisam optimised response when a table has 0 or one rows.  Under "5.2.4 How MySQL Optimises WHERE Clauses" it reads:

*Early detection of invalid constant expressions. MySQL quickly detects that some SELECT statements are impossible and returns no rows.

and

*All constant tables are read first, before any other tables in the query. A constant table is:
1) An empty table or a table with 1 row.
2) A table that is used with a WHERE clause on a UNIQUE index, or a PRIMARY KEY, where all index parts are used with constant expressions and the index parts are defined as NOT NULL.

Hopefully this will keep someone from staying up all night with 1146 errors, unless I am completely mistaken in thinking I have this figured out.
webmaster at _NOSPAM_elite-gaming dot com
11-Oct-2002 02:48
The fastest way to get the number of rows in a table is doing this:

$total = mysql_result(mysql_query("SELECT COUNT(id) FROM yourtable"),0);

As long as there are no NULL ids (shouldnt be), it will return the correct rows extremely fast.  If you already used yourtable though, it is faster to use mysql_num_rows() on the result of it.
tac at smokescreen dot org
14-Jan-2002 07:58
MySQL 4.0 supports a fabulous new feature that allows you to get the number of rows that would have been returned if the query did not have a LIMIT clause.  To use it, you need to add SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS to the query, e.g.

$sql = "Select SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS * from table where state='CA' limit 50";
$result = mysql_query($sql);

$sql = "Select FOUND_ROWS()";
$count_result = mysql_query($sql);

You now have the total number of rows in table that match the criteria.  This is great for knowing the total number of records when browsing through a list.
philip at cornado dot c()m
06-May-2001 06:37
Regarding SQL count(), see this faq :
* http://www.faqts.com/knowledge_base/view.phtml/aid/114/fid/12
Note: If you already have a $result, use mysql_num_rows() on it otherwise use SQL count().  Don't SELECT data just for a count.
 

 
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