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PDO::query

(PHP 5 >= 5.1.0, PECL pdo >= 0.2.0)

PDO::queryExecutes an SQL statement, returning a result set as a PDOStatement object

Описание

PDOStatement PDO::query ( string $statement )
PDOStatement PDO::query ( string $statement , int $PDO::FETCH_COLUMN , int $colno )
PDOStatement PDO::query ( string $statement , int $PDO::FETCH_CLASS , string $classname , array $ctorargs )
PDOStatement PDO::query ( string $statement , int $PDO::FETCH_INTO , object $object )

PDO::query() executes an SQL statement in a single function call, returning the result set (if any) returned by the statement as a PDOStatement object.

For a query that you need to issue multiple times, you will realize better performance if you prepare a PDOStatement object using PDO::prepare() and issue the statement with multiple calls to PDOStatement::execute().

If you do not fetch all of the data in a result set before issuing your next call to PDO::query(), your call may fail. Call PDOStatement::closeCursor() to release the database resources associated with the PDOStatement object before issuing your next call to PDO::query().

Замечание: Although this function is only documented as having a single parameter, you may pass additional arguments to this function. They will be treated as though you called PDOStatement::setFetchMode() on the resultant statement object.

Список параметров

statement

The SQL statement to prepare and execute.

Возвращаемые значения

PDO::query() returns a PDOStatement object.

Примеры

Пример #1 Demonstrate PDO::query

A nice feature of PDO::query() is that it enables you to iterate over the rowset returned by a successfully executed SELECT statement.

<?php
function getFruit($conn) {
    
$sql 'SELECT name, colour, calories FROM fruit ORDER BY name';
    foreach (
$conn->query($sql) as $row) {
        print 
$row['NAME'] . "\t";
        print 
$row['COLOUR'] . "\t";
        print 
$row['CALORIES'] . "\n";
    }
}
?>

Результат выполнения данного примера:

apple   red     150
banana  yellow  250
kiwi    brown   75
lemon   yellow  25
orange  orange  300
pear    green   150
watermelon      pink    90

Смотрите также


User Contributed Notes
PDO::query
marcos at marcosregis dot com
24-Sep-2008 04:14
After a lot of hours working with DataLink on Oracle->MySQL and PDO we (me and Adriano Rodrigues, that solve it) discover that PDO (and oci too) need the attribute AUTOCOMMIT set to FALSE to work correctly with.
There's  3 ways to set autocommit to false: On constructor, setting the atribute after construct and before query data or initiating a Transaction (that turns off autocommit mode)

The examples:
<?php
// First way - On PDO Constructor
$options = array(PDO::ATTR_AUTOCOMMIT=>FALSE);

$pdo = new PDO($dsn,$user,$pass,$options);

// now we are ready to query DataLinks

?>

<?php
// Second Way - Before create statements
$pdo = new PDO($dsn,$user,$pass);

$pdo->setAttribute(PDO::ATTR_AUTOCOMMIT,FALSE);
// or
$pdo->beginTransaction();

// now we are ready to query DataLinks
?>

To use DataLinks on oci just use OCI_DEFAULT on oci_execute() function;
oohall [AT] gmail [DOT] com
19-Sep-2008 05:52
Since query() dosn't support ? paramaters I hacked this up:

<?php
class MyPDO extends PDO
{
    private
$qcache; // prepared query cache

    // Usage: $dbobject->query($sql, $args...)

   
public function pquery($sql)
    {
        if(
is_object($this->qcache[$sql]))
        {
           
$query = $this->qcache[$sql];
        } else {
           
$query = $this->prepare($sql);
           
$this->qcache[$sql] = $query;
        }

       
$args = func_get_args();
       
array_shift($args);

       
$query->execute($args);
       
        return
$query;
    }
}
?>

Food for thought: If you're going though the results of a query and use this function to perform another query of the same type (meaning same object) the results from the previous query will be lost. Granted, this probably won't happen (often). but it should be noted.
andrea at bhweb dot it
16-Jul-2008 10:57
If someone is suffering of the "MySQL server has gone away" problem after executing multiple queries, this is a solution that solved it for me. It's similar to the one needed for the exact same problem in mysqli.

<?php
$stmt
=$db->prepare($query);
$stmt->execute();
do {
$stmt->fetch(); $stmt->closeCursor(); ++$line; } while($stmt-
>
nextRowset());
?>

I found this only works using prepare and execute this way, not if you
directly execute the query with query().
NUNTIUS
22-Jan-2008 05:01
I found this method extremely useful for getting the iteration count. Note the usage of "for" instead of "while" or "foreach". Just place the "$row = $query->fetch()" as the second condition of your for loop (which is do until). This is the best of both worlds IMHO. Criticism welcome.

try {
    $hostname = "servername";
    $dbname = "dbname";
    $username = "username";
    $pw = "password";
    $pdo = new PDO ("mssql:host=$hostname;dbname=$dbname","$username","$pw");
  } catch (PDOException $e) {
    echo "Failed to get DB handle: " . $e->getMessage() . "\n";
    exit;
  }
      $query = $pdo->prepare("select name FROM tbl_name");
      $query->execute();
     
      for($i=0; $row = $query->fetch(); $i++){
        echo $i." - ".$row['name']."<br/>";
      }

      unset($pdo);
      unset($query);
wuzup_13 at hotmail dot com
20-Nov-2007 05:49
This is an example PDO query function, dbQuery only needs to be passed your database query in order to work.
Our return solves the problem of not being able to count PDO returns/objects.
You can perform a count() on the return array, unless only 1 row is returned, then you will be counting columns, instead of rows.
See for yourself, I think you'll find this useful, it solved many of our problems - we have to do a bit more backend work, but such is the cost of a reasonable PDO function.

EXAMPLE:

// If you know the select statement will return only one row:
$row = dbQuery("SELECT * FROM users WHERE user_id = 1");
print $row['user_id']; // Prints one row. If more than one, will print "Array"

// If you are expecting one or more rows:
$query = dbQuery("SELECT * FROM users");
foreach ($query as $row) {
  print $row['user_id']; // Prints ALL rows
}

<?php

function dbConnect() {
  global
$dbh;

 
$dbInfo['database_target'] = "localhost";
 
$dbInfo['database_name'] = "my_db";
 
$dbInfo['username'] = "root";
 
$dbInfo['password'] = "";

 
$dbConnString = "mysql:host=" . $dbInfo['database_target'] . "; dbname=" . $dbInfo['database_name'];
 
$dbh = new PDO($dbConnString, $dbInfo['username'], $dbInfo['password']);
 
$dbh->setAttribute(PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE, PDO::ERRMODE_EXCEPTION);
 
$error = $dbh->errorInfo();
  if(
$error[0] != "") {
      print
"<p>DATABASE CONNECTION ERROR:</p>";
     
print_r($error);
  }
}

function
dbQuery($queryString) {
  global
$dbh;

 
$query = $dbh->query($queryString);
 
$i = 0;
  foreach (
$query as $query2) {
   
$queryReturn[$i] = $query2;
   
$i++;
  }
  if(
$i > 1) {
    return
$queryReturn;
  } else {
    return
$queryReturn[0];
  }
}

dbConnect(); // Connect to Database

?>
Adael
19-Nov-2007 10:23
For get one row from one query:
<?PHP
$row
= $dbh->query("SELECT * FROM customers")->fetch();
?>
fredrik at NOSPAM dot rambris dot com
05-May-2007 04:04
The handling of errors by this function is controlled by the attribute PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE.

Use the following to make it throw an exception:
<?php
$dbh
->setAttribute(PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE, PDO::ERRMODE_EXCEPTION);
?>
nicobn at gmail dot com
26-Apr-2007 10:29
Please note that when Query() fails, it does not return a PDOStatement object . It simply returns false.
Ravo
25-Apr-2007 02:49
I struggled with this trying to figure out why I couldn't return a single row using a simple query. This may or may be obvious but you have to use PDOstatement functions of the result of a PDO->query(). This took me a while to figure out since it is a far cry from the query functions of old.

<?php
$connection
= new pdo("sqlite:file.sq3");
$query="SELECT * FROM table";
$result = $connection->query($query);
$row = $result->fetch(PDO::FETCH_ASSOC);
print_r($row);
?>
ts at tpdada dot art dot pl
24-Jan-2007 05:17
Look out for re-using this same variable for PDOStatement twice. You should always clear it if you want use it again.

<?php

/* WRONG */

$oPDO = new PDO();

$oPDOStatement = $oPDO->query('SELECT something');

/* making something with $oPDOStatement, i.e. fetch() */

 
$oPDOStatement = $oPDO->query('SELECT something completly different');

/* and now $oPDOStatement is unuseful, fetch() doesn't returns result etc. */

?>

But...

<?php

/* GOOD */

 
$oPDO = new PDO();

 
$oPDOStatement = $oPDO->query('SELECT something');

 
/* making something with $oPDOStatement, i.e. fetch() */

 /* and destroy poor, little object as we had used it */

 
$oPDOStatement  = null;

 
$oPDOStatement = $oPDO->query('SELECT something completly different');

/* and everything works fine */

?>
jonmsawyer at gmail dot com
23-Jan-2007 08:03
@ dozoyousan at gmail dot com
> 03-May-2006 05:26
> > When query() fails, the boolean false is returned.
>
> I think that is "Silent Mode".
> If that set attribute ErrorMode "Exception Mode"
> then that throw PDOException.
> $pdoObj = new PDO( $dsn, $user, $pass );
> $pdoObj->setAttribute("PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE",
> PDO::ERRMODE_EXCEPTION);

What you say is correct, however, your PHP code is incorrect:

<?php
   
// This is fine
   
$pdoObj = new PDO( $dsn, $user, $pass );
   
   
// This line is wrong
   
$pdoObj->setAttribute("PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE", PDO::ERRMODE_EXCEPTION);
   
   
// It should be:
   
$pdoObj->setAttribute(PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE, PDO::ERRMODE_EXCEPTION);
   
   
// Parameter 1 should not be in quotes. PHP interprets
    // that as a string. Instead, internally, its represented
    // as type LONG INT. Try it :)
?>

Hope this helps. Cheers.
yannikh at gmeil dot com
28-Oct-2006 09:47
@E. Rnie:
The example DOES work fine.
query returns in iterable object. print_r just does not show that!

Ich you use fetchAll() you will receive an Array with all rows. Of course this works too, but it is not a good idea on big resultsets.
E. Rnie
22-May-2006 01:36
the above example does not function well...
it just returned
(
    [queryString] => "SELECT * FROM...."
)

with a trailing ->fetchAll() everthing is working fine...

the complete correct line:

foreach ($conn->query($sql)->fetchAll as $row) {
.
.
.
dozoyousan at gmail dot com
03-May-2006 05:26
> When query() fails, the boolean false is returned.

I think that is "Silent Mode".
If that set attribute ErrorMode "Exception Mode"
then that throw PDOException.
 $pdoObj = new PDO( $dsn, $user, $pass );
 $pdoObj->setAttribute("PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE", PDO::ERRMODE_EXCEPTION);
Nicolas B�crard Nault
05-Mar-2006 11:03
When query() fails, the boolean false is returned.
 

 
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