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pcntl_waitpid

(PHP 4 >= 4.1.0, PHP 5)

pcntl_waitpidWaits on or returns the status of a forked child

Description

int pcntl_waitpid ( int $pid , int &$status [, int $options = 0 ] )

Suspends execution of the current process until a child as specified by the pid argument has exited, or until a signal is delivered whose action is to terminate the current process or to call a signal handling function.

If a child as requested by pid has already exited by the time of the call (a so-called "zombie" process), the function returns immediately. Any system resources used by the child are freed. Please see your system's waitpid(2) man page for specific details as to how waitpid works on your system.

Parameters

pid

The value of pid can be one of the following:

possible values for pid
< -1 wait for any child process whose process group ID is equal to the absolute value of pid.
-1 wait for any child process; this is the same behaviour that the wait function exhibits.
0 wait for any child process whose process group ID is equal to that of the calling process.
> 0 wait for the child whose process ID is equal to the value of pid.

Note: Specifying -1 as the pid is equivalent to the functionality pcntl_wait() provides (minus options).

status

pcntl_waitpid() will store status information in the status parameter which can be evaluated using the following functions: pcntl_wifexited(), pcntl_wifstopped(), pcntl_wifsignaled(), pcntl_wexitstatus(), pcntl_wtermsig() and pcntl_wstopsig().

options

The value of options is the value of zero or more of the following two global constants OR'ed together:

possible values for options
WNOHANG return immediately if no child has exited.
WUNTRACED return for children which are stopped, and whose status has not been reported.

Return Values

pcntl_waitpid() returns the process ID of the child which exited, -1 on error or zero if WNOHANG was used and no child was available

See Also


User Contributed Notes
pcntl_waitpid
brian dot ngure at gmail dot com
08-Jul-2009 03:03
Please note that you must use bitwise OR | in the following:

"The value of options is the value of zero or more of the following two global constants OR'ed together"

i.e.

WNOHANG | WUNTRACED
tunderzone at gmail dot com
25-Jun-2009 01:26
A better way to do this and not end up having zombie processes until all child processes ends is like this:

<?php
        $i
= 0;
       
$starttime = microtime(TRUE);
       
$pid_arr = array();
        while (
$i < intval($argv[1]))
        {
           
$pid = pcntl_fork();
            if (
$pid == -1)
            {
                die(
'could not fork');
            }
            else
            {
                if (
$pid) // parent
               
{
                   
$pid_arr[$i] = $pid;
                }
                else
// child
               
{
                   
performSomeFunction($i+1);
                }
            }
           
$i++;
        }

        while(
count($pid_arr) > 0)
        {
               
$myId = pcntl_waitpid(-1, $status, WNOHANG);
                foreach(
$pid_arr as $key => $pid)
                {
                        if(
$myId == $pid) unset($pid_arr[$key]);
                }
               
usleep(100);
        }

       
$elapsed = microtime(TRUE) - $starttime;
        print
"\n==> total elapsed: " . sprintf("%f secs.\n", $elapsed);
?>
saguto dot l7cc at gmail dot com
10-Apr-2008 04:09
please note, if you using configure option --enable-sigchild(Enable PHP's own SIGCHLD handler) when complie php(under linux 2.6.18-53.1.13.el5.centos.plus and php 5.2.5 as I know), pcntl_waitpid and pcntl_wait in php script would never return the child pid, because the build in handle get it first.
Kevin
10-May-2006 10:40
---
       while ($i < intval($argv[1]))
       {
           $pid = pcntl_fork();
           if ($pid == -1)
           {
               die('could not fork');
           }
           else
           {
               if ($pid) // parent
               {
                   $pid_arr[$i] = $pid;
               }
               else // child
               {
                   performSomeFunction($i+1);
               }
           }
           $i++;
       }
---

careful, this will create a lot more children than you probably expect. You must return or exit after performSomeFunction($i+1); ie,

               else // child
               {
                   performSomeFunction($i+1);
                   exit(0);
               }
admin at albert dot us dot com
06-Mar-2006 06:48
Here's a decent example of the pcntl_waitpid() call:

        $i = 0;
        $starttime = microtime(TRUE);
        $pid_arr = array();
        while ($i < intval($argv[1]))
        {
            $pid = pcntl_fork();
            if ($pid == -1)
            {
                die('could not fork');
            }
            else
            {
                if ($pid) // parent
                {
                    $pid_arr[$i] = $pid;
                }
                else // child
                {
                    performSomeFunction($i+1);
                }
            }
            $i++;
        }
        foreach ($pid_arr as $pid)
        {
            // we are the parent
            pcntl_waitpid($pid, $status);
        }
        $elapsed = microtime(TRUE) - $starttime;
        print "\n==> total elapsed: " . sprintf("%f secs.\n", $elapsed);
 

 
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