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Microsoft SQL Server and Sybase Functions (PDO_DBLIB)

Introduction

Warning

This extension is EXPERIMENTAL. The behaviour of this extension including the names of its functions and any other documentation surrounding this extension may change without notice in a future release of PHP. This extension should be used at your own risk.

PDO_DBLIB is a driver that implements the PHP Data Objects (PDO) interface to enable access from PHP to Microsoft SQL Server and Sybase databases through the FreeTDS libary.

This extension is not available anymore on Windows with PHP 5.3 or later.

On Windows, you should use SqlSrv, an alternative driver for MS SQL is available from Microsoft: » http://www.microsoft.com/sqlserver/2005/en/us/PHP-Driver.aspx . The documentation is available at » http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc296221.aspx

If it is not possible to use SqlSrv, you can use the PDO_ODBC driver to connect to Microsoft SQL Server and Sybase databases, as the native Windows DB-LIB is ancient, thread un-safe and no longer supported by Microsoft.

Table of Contents

  • PDO_DBLIB DSN — Connecting to Microsoft SQL Server and Sybase databases

User Contributed Notes
MS SQL Server (PDO)
twilson at tridiumtech dot com
21-Oct-2009 01:05
Hopefully this will help someone who is having problems connecting to MSSQL. I was having a heck of a time trying to get my dev server to connect to a remote MSSQL 2005 box.

When using PDO like so:
<?php
$mssql
= new PDO('dblib:host=<host>;dbname=<dbname>','<user>','<password>');
?>

I was receiving the message:

Adaptive Server is unavailable or does not exist

And mssql_connect() simply told me "Could not connect to server"

I tried everything, different configuration options for FreeTDS/PHP, different versions, etc. But the answer was one line in php.ini:

mssql.secure_connection = Off

This line, which defaults to Off, needs to be ON if you are using NT authentication:

mssql.secure_connection = On

Here is my build:

FreeTDS-0.82 configured like:
./configure --with-tdsver=8.0 --enable-msdblib --with-gnu-ld

PHP 5.2.11 configured like:
./configure --with-mssql=/usr/local --with-pdo-dblib=/usr/local [other options]

Running on Apache/2.2.13 (Unix / Linux)

Feel free to email me if you need help as I've spent 20+ hours reading and fiddling with this issue, so I'm very familiar with it now.

Peace,
Tom
dpassey at everettsd dot org
29-May-2009 08:35
For PDO MSSQL connection issues, ensure that you have the updated version of ntwdblib.dll (currently 8.00.194 as of this post).  Overwrite the existing (old) file or place it in the Windows system32 folder.  The version that ships with PHP 5.2.X does not work.  This is a well known issue apparently, but I had a really hard time finding information on this issue until I was able to lock in a file name.  I hope that this helps someone.
tris+php at tfconsulting dot com dot au
25-Mar-2009 03:03
If you are struggling with
'Unicode data in a Unicode-only collation or ntext data cannot be sent to clients using DB-Library (such as ISQL) or ODBC version 3.7 or earlier.'
when trying to do 'SELECT *' queries:

Obviously the best way to deal with this is change your unicode fields to the ascii equivalent (ntext > text), but if that is not an option here is an implementation based on the info at http://www.rochester.edu/IT/web/WebHelp/mssql/limitations.html which checks the data types of the fields and casts them as neccesary.

<?php
class mssql {
    private static
$statement=null;

    private static
$typemap=array(
       
'ntext' => 'text',
       
'bigint' => 'real',
       
'decimal' => 'real',
       
'float' => 'real',
       
'numeric' => 'real'
   
);
   
    public static function
all_fields($table) {
        if(
self::$statement==null) {
           
$db=pdodb::instance(); // or however you get your global instance
           
$query="SELECT COLUMN_NAME, DATA_TYPE FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS WHERE TABLE_NAME=?";
           
self::$statement=$db->prepare($query);
        }
       
       
self::$statement->execute(array($table));
       
       
$fields=array();
       
$need_cast=false;
        while(
$field=self::$statement->fetch()) {
           
$field_quoted=self::quote_field($field['COLUMN_NAME']);
            if(isset(
self::$typemap[$field['DATA_TYPE']])) {
               
$fields[]='CAST('.$field_quoted.' AS '.self::$typemap[$field['DATA_TYPE']].') AS '.$field_quoted;
               
$need_cast=true;
            } else
$fields[]=$field_quoted;
        }
        return (
$need_cast) ? implode(', ',$fields) : '*';
    }
   
    public static function
quote_field($field) {
       
$pos=strpos($field,' ');
        return (
$pos===false) ? $field : '['.$field.']';
    }
}

$db=pdodb:instance(); // singleton PDO instance
$stmt=$db->prepare('SELECT '.mssql::all_fields('My_Table').' FROM My_Table');
$stmt->execute();
...
?>

Essentially mssql::all_fields($table) returns '*' if it can, otherwise the fields listed with the relevant casts in place e.g. 'NoteIdent, Owner, CAST(Note AS text) AS Note'
Bryan
14-Jan-2009 11:21
To enable the mssql PDO driver under windows you need to:

1) uncomment the "extension=php_pdo_mssql.dll" line from php.ini
2) copy ntwdblib.dll into the directory where you have installed php
mrshelly at hotmail dot com
29-Oct-2008 02:39
to connect MS SQL2005(DE) sample code:
notice:
if u used MSSQL 2005 EXPRESS, must set the instence name 'SQLEXPRESS'
just like

$hostname='127.0.0.1\SQLEXPRESS';

<?php
 
try {
   
$hostname = "host";            //host
   
$dbname = "dbname";            //db name
   
$username = "user";            // username like 'sa'
   
$pw = "pass";                // password for the user

   
$dbh = new PDO ("mssql:host=$hostname;dbname=$dbname","$username","$pw");
  } catch (
PDOException $e) {
    echo
"Failed to get DB handle: " . $e->getMessage() . "\n";
    exit;
  }
 
$stmt = $dbh->prepare("SELECT * FROM table");
 
$stmt->execute();
  while (
$row = $stmt->fetch()) {
   
print_r($row);
  }
  unset(
$dbh); unset($stmt);
?>
arnolem at free dot fr
12-Dec-2007 01:45
I think that PDO_DBLIB is now stable :
You can download the last source at http://pecl.php.net/package/PDO_DBLIB
Steve H
01-Jun-2006 04:24
To connect to SQL Server 2005 Express on Windows, do it like this:

$pdo = new PDO ('mssql:host=localhost,1433;dbname=[redacted]', '[redacted]', '[redacted]');

localhost
localhost\SQLEXPRESS
localhost\1433
localhost:1433

will not work on Windows.

localhost,1433

does work.

YMMV on other OS's; try each.

Also make sure your TCP/IP Properties -> IP Addresses are correct under SQL Server Configuration Manager.
support at converters dot ru
25-Jan-2006 01:48
If You work with MSSQL Server 7.0/2000/... under Windows and use non latin Encoding then better To use PDO_MSSQL until PDO_ODBC bugs will be fixed (MSSQL ext far more stable and usabe for PHP versions <=5.1.2).
If your MSSQL connection use strings in OEM encoding (cp866 for russian charset)

1. Run Microsoft Server/Client Network Utility on work PC and UNCHECK "DBLibrary options"/"Automatic ANSI to OEM conversion"

2. Restart Web server if needed.
graham1 dot simpson at hsbcib dot com
08-Sep-2005 07:19
There is currently little sybase related PDO docs out there. The ones that I found often mention a spec for a dsn that is invalid. Here's how I am currently connecting to sybase ASE:

1. Compile up freetds http://www.freetds.org on top of open client;
2. Add the PDO and PD_DBLIB modules to php 5 as per the documentation; Note: I'm currently using the PDO-beta and PDO_DBLIB-beta;
3. Check mods installed ok using "pear list" and "php -m";

The documentation often says to use "sybase:" as your DSN, this doesn't work. Use "dblib:" instead. Here's an example:

<?php
 
try {
   
$hostname = "myhost";
   
$port = 10060;
   
$dbname = "tempdb";
   
$username = "dbuser";
   
$pw = "password";
   
$dbh = new PDO ("dblib:host=$hostname:$port;dbname=$dbname","$username","$pw");
  } catch (
PDOException $e) {
    echo
"Failed to get DB handle: " . $e->getMessage() . "\n";
    exit;
  }
 
$stmt = $dbh->prepare("select name from master..sysdatabases where name = db_name()");
 
$stmt->execute();
  while (
$row = $stmt->fetch()) {
   
print_r($row);
  }
  unset(
$dbh); unset($stmt);
?>

Hope this helps.
 

 
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